Posts Tagged ‘ccTLD’

State of the Domain Name Industry – Ready for New gTLDs

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A few comments are still lingering about suggesting that ICANN has not shown significant demand or quantifiable benefits for New gTLDs through its economic studies. Though I will not argue the content of the many economic reports or the legitimacy of the models used to demonstrate demand or a lack thereof for New gTLDs, I would venture to say that a few examples — .UK taking over .ORG as the fourth largest TLD, .AU and .CA enjoying a 20 percent plus growth, .РФ (.RF – IDN ccTLD for Russia) registration explosion upon launch, and .CO easily crossing the 600k registration mark in its first year of operations — are all fine examples that the domain industry is healthy and is indeed ready for new gTLDs.

via VeriSign Inc. (

Yesterday, VeriSign released its 2011 first quarter domain report.  According to the report the total domain count across all TLDs had crossed 209 million.  The first quarter of 2011 saw an increase of 4.5 million domains, 3.3 million of those registrations belong to .NET/.COM (the reports lists 8.3 million which appears to be a typo.) According to the report, the entire domain industry saw a 7.9% increase in domain registrations in the past year.

JPRS (Japan Registry Services Co., ltd) also released its report for 2010 (showing a gain of around 58,000 names, a 5% increase from Jan. 2010 to Jan. 2011). This is on par with the aggregate growth for all ccTLDs in the last year as stated in the VeriSign report.  Australia (.AU) and Canada (.CA) experienced 20% growth year over year. The ccTLD for the United Kingdom (.UK) moved up as the fourth largest TLD after .COM .DE (Germany) and .NET.  China continues to drop down the list and now sits as the ninth largest TLD in the world (fifth among top ccTLDs.)

Here are the top ten TLD TLDs according to Verisign’s Domain Industry Brief.

1. COM (Verisign) 6. INFO (Afilias)
2. NET (Verisign) 7. NL (Netherlands – SIDN)
3. DE (Germany – DENIC) 8. EU (European Union – EURID)
4. UK (United Kingdom – Nominet) 9. CN (China – CNNIC)
5. ORG (PIR – Afilias) 10. RU (Russian Federation – RU-CENTER)

The total number of ccTLDs grew to approximately 81.7 million names (increase of 1.6 million names over the previous quarter). The top ten ccTLDs are:

1. DE (Germany) 6. RU (Russian Federation)
2. UK (United Kingdom) 7. BR (Brazil)
3. NL (Netherlands) 8. AR (Argentina)
4. EU (European Union) 9.  IT (Italy)
5. CN (China) 10. PL (Poland)

IDN ccTLD Fast Track: New Strings in Line for Delegation

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We last provided an update on the IDN ccTLD Fast Track back in August. Since then, India, Iran, and Korea have passed the string evaluation phase and are lined up to be delegated by the end of this year.

India is applying “.bharat” in Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, and Bengali. Iran applied for “.iran” in Persian (Arabic Script), and Korea has applied for “.korea” in Korean (Hangul Script).
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SO Registry Announces Launch Date for .SO

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The Registry operator for the ccTLD (Country Code Top Level Domain) for the Republic of Somalia, .so (dot SO) has announced a launch date to begin registrations. According to the SO Registry, the ccTLD was re-delegated to the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications this past April by ICANN. We first caught a glimpse of the SO Registry at the ICANN International meeting which was held in Brussels, Belgium this past June when the registry sponsored the event.

The SO Registry announced, rather quietly, that it will begin registrations in the name space on November 1st 2010. The launch model will follow the standard protocol; commencing with a “Sunrise” period — a trademark claims period in which trademark holders can claim first rights to their trademarked names. Applications during this 30 day period with multiple legitimate contenders will go to auction.
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IDN ccTLD Fast Track Update – August 2010

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The IDN (Internationalized Domain Name) ccTLD Fast Track Program was approved October 2009 in order to allow the inclusion of characters other than the traditional ASCII characters used in Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs). The implementation of IDN top-level domains has been in the works for several years, seven in the ICANN community alone. ICANN, the organization which oversees the Internet’s name space calls the implementation of IDN TLDs the biggest change to the underlying structure on the Internet since its inception.
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ICANN 38 – Opening Day

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After missing the Nairobi meeting due to ICANNs assessment of possible security issues, we were very eager to kick things off with the Welcome Ceremony Monday here in Brussels, Belgium. Unfortunately, we weren’t greeted with the same exciting cultural performances we were able to catch only brief glimpses of during our remote participation and live blogging during the Nairobi meeting.
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First IDN ccTLDs Go Live

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Just a few short weeks after ICANN approved the first IDN top-level domain name delegations at its Meeting of the Board on April 22nd, the first strings, Egypt, UAE, and Saudi Arabia have been entered into the DNS root zone. The three strings were added to the root today (May 5th PST / May 6th JST), making the IDN strings officially operational.

The strings entered into the DNS root zone are:

Country IDN String Latin Script Equivolent
Egypt مصر. .misr
United Arab Emirates امارات. .emarat
Saudi Arabia السعودية. .al-saudia

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IDN ccTLD Fast Track is Rolling

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Exciting buzz among IDN advocates and watchers was created this week when ICANN CEO Rod Beckstrom Tweeted the following from the special ICANN Meeting of the Board on April 22nd (PST): “ICANN board approves Internet top level int’l domain name (IDN) delegations for Russia, Egypt, UAE & Saudi Arabia.”

Since ccTLD IDNs were approved at the ICANN Board meeting in Seoul, South Korea in October of last year, government agencies interested in securing their own Internationalized Top-Level domain have been adding their requests. You can see a list of all prior requests in a previous blog entry. ICANN only makes public strings which have passed String Evaluation. The full list of all strings made public by ICANN can be found here:
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IDN ccTLD Update – March 2010

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Earlier this year, ICANN announced the first four strings which had passed the String Evaluation phase — Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Russia (Russian Federation). Now, as of March 24th, a total of eight (8) strings have passed string evaluation and are awaiting approval for delegation. The strings that are awaiting a decision on delegation are listed below.

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First IDN ccTLDs Pass String Evaluation

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On January 21st, 2010 ICANN announced the successful completion of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track String Evaluation for the 4 new proposed IDN ccTLDs[]. The details of the successful evaluations are provided on ICANN’s website.

This news comes just 2 months after ICANN received its first requests, and 3 months after ICANN approved the ccTLD Fast Track Process at the Seoul Meeting in October of 2009.

There has been no official word when these 4 countries and/or territories will initiate String Delegation. To date, ICANN has received a total of 16 requests for IDN ccTLD in 8 languages.

The original press release can be found here.

[] Egypt (مصر), Russian Federation (рф), United Arab Emirates (امارات), and Saudi Arabia (السعودية).

IDN ccTLDs to Launch in 2010

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On December 21, 2009, Hong Kong Internet Registration Corporation Ltd HKIRC announced that ‘.香港’ (Hong Kong) registrations will be offered free to all ‘.hk’ customers in the second half of 2010. Their aim is to increase the popularity of Chinese domain names and to increase benefits to the Internet community. (Press Release)

This is a very exciting movement, since ‘.香港’ (Hong Kong) along with ‘مصر.’ (Egypt), ‘امارات.’ (UAE), ‘.РФ’ (Russia), and ‘السعودية.’ (Saudi Arabia) will be the first IDN ccTLDs to be accepted by ICANN through the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Program[]. The only question remaining is, who will be the first to open their doors to public registration.

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